Bovine genital campylobacteriosis

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis

Bovine Venereal Campylobacteriosis

Bovine genital campylobacteriosis (BGC) is a venereal disease of cattle that is caused by Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis (Cfv) and its glycerine-tolerant variant Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis biovars intermedius. It results in poor reproductive performance, abortion and early embryonic death in cattle herds. Abortions can occur at any time but are most commonly detected at 4 to 6 months of gestation.

In heifers and cows the bacteria spread to the uterus and oviducts resulting in endometritis and salpingitis. The disease is generally self-limiting in females. Most cows will recover and conceive within 3 to 6 months post-infection and immunity persists for several years, however some may remain infected for considerably longer.

Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus (Cff) is transmitted orally and colonises the intestines of cattle and sheep, inducing enteritis and abortion mostly in sheep and sporadically in cattle. Cff is found in the genital tract of cattle (e.g. preputial smegma, vaginal mucus) or internal organs of the aborted fetuses.


Early embryonic death


  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Bacterial culture
  • Fluorescent antibody testing of preputial sheath washings
  • Agglutination test on vaginal mucus


Treatment TypeDetailsReference
Local and systemic therapy
Sheath lavageusing a warmed penicillin and streptomycin solution
Streptomycin solutionAdministered IM


  • Artificial insemination
  • Vaccine

Article Reference

Risk Factors

  • Pregnant cows on premises


  • Campylobacter fetus

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