Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia

Veterinary advice should be sought before applying any treatment or vaccine.

Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBP) is a highly contagious bacterial infection of cattle, caused by Mycoplasma mycoides. It mainly affects cattle living in Africa, with minor outbreaks seen in the Middle East.

CBP is transmitted through inhalation of droplets expelled by infected coughing cattle. 25% of cattle that recover from the disease become carriers which can shed the virus into the environment, infecting other herd members.

Incubation period
CBP takes about 3-8 weeks after exposure to present with clinical signs of disease.


Loss of appetite
Fever up to 107°F (41.5°C)
Difficulty breathing
Lowered and extended head
Arching of back
Soft, moist cough when forced to move
Labored breathing
Grunting at expiration


  • History
  • Clinical signs
  • Complement fixation
  • Latex agglutination
  • competitive ELISA test
  • solation of the mycoplasma
  • immunoblotting test


Treatment TypeDetailsReference
Tylosin10 mg/kg administered IM for six injections
Danofloxacin 2.5%Administered at 2.5 mg/kg/day for 3 consecutive days
Supportive care


  • Vaccine: An attenuated vaccine is available, however it is only effective if herd coverage within a country is high

Article Reference

Risk Factors

  • Cattle or equipment used near cattle recently transported from the Middle East or Africa


  • Mycoplasma mycoides

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